Watch your favorite news channel or read your favorite newspaper, and you will understand how important this profession is. The college major of Journalism and / or Broadcasting is only for those who wish to find the truth of any given situation. In fact, those who do it well have an opportunity to have the most positive impact on their world. As a true journalist, you will have to be unbiased, unflinching, and realize that everything you say is going to the public for mass consumption.
Journalism is the production of news reports and editorials through media such asnewspapers, magazines, radio, television and the Internet. Journalists—be they writers,editors, photographers, broadcast presenters or producers—serve as the main purveyors ofinformation and opinion in contemporarysociety.
A journalism school is a school or department, usually part of an establisheduniversity, where journalists are trained. An increasingly used short form for a journalism department, school or college is 'j-school'. Many of the most famous and respectedjournalists of the past and present had no formal training in journalism, but learned their craft on the job, often starting out ascopy boys/copy girls. Today, in many parts of the world it is usual for journalists to first complete university-level training which incorporates both technical skills such as research skills, interviewing technique andshorthand and academic studies in media theory, cultural studies and ethics.
Broadcast Journalism is the field of news and journals which are "broadcast", that is, published by electrical methods, instead of the older methods, such as printed newspapers and posters. Broadcast methods include radio (via air, cable, and Internet), television (via air, cable, and Internet), and, especially recently, the Internet generally. Such media disperse pictures (static and moving), visual text, and/or sounds.
In a broadcast system (television), journalists or reporters are also involved with editing the video material that has been shot alongside their research, and in working on the visualnarrative of the story.
Advocacy Journalists a term of some debate even within the field of journalism — by definition tend to reject "objectivity", while at the same time maintaining many other common standards and ethics.
Literary journalism and Creative nonfictionuse the power of language and literary devices more akin to fiction to bring insight and depth into often book-length treatment of the subjects about which they write. Such devices as dialogue, metaphor, digression and other such techniques offer the reader insights not usually found in standard news reportage. However, authors in this branch of journalism still maintain ethical criteria such as factual and historical accuracy as found in standard news reporting. Yet, with brilliant prose, they venture outside the boundaries of standard news reporting in offering richly detailed accounts. One widely regarded author in the genre is Joyce Carol Oates, as with her book on boxer Mike Tyson.